Engineered Wood - Also called composite wood, includes a range of products made by binding
small pieces of wood together with a fixative to form composite materials.
Flitch - A log that has been cut, cataloged, and stored together, offering woodworkers the opportunity
to buy matching material from the same tree. Flitch sequences are utilized in veneer selection.
Grain - A term referring to the arrangement and direction of wood fibers. Among the many types of
grain there are fine, coarse, straight, curly, open, flat, vertical, and spiral.
Green - Lumber that has not been dried and therefor has a high moisture content.
Hardwood - A term referring to wood from a variety of broad-leaved, deciduous trees. The term does
not actually denote the hardness of the wood. Some hardwoods are softer than certain softwoods.
Knot - A branch or limb embedded in a tree that is cut during the manufacturing process.
Plywood - A flat panel comprised of a number of thin sheets, or veneers, in which the grain direction of
each layer is at a right angle to the one adjacent to it. The sheets are united under pressure by a bonding agent.
Rough Lumber - Lumber that has been sawn, edged, and trimmed but not dressed or surfaced.
Softwood - A term referring to wood from a variety of trees having narrow, needle-like or scale-like leaves,
generally coniferous. The term does not actually denote the hardness of the wood. Some softwoods are
harder than certain hardwoods.
Species - The category of classification used to refer to types of wood.
Substrate - Material used to attach a layer of laminate or veneer.
Veneer - A thin piece of solid wood attached to a substrate. The benefits of veneer include increased control
of grain appearance and direction, a uniform finish, and economic flexibility.